Trans Pacific-Partnership

The full text of the sweeping international trade agreement known as the Trans Pacific-Partnership, or TPP, has finally been released. You can find the entire agreement on the New Zealand government’s Foreign Affairs and Trade website. If approved by all 12 member countries, including the United States, the agreement would establish international standards for copyright enforcement, labor practices, environmental regulations, and much more.

TPP has had a somewhat controversial history to this point. The agreement between the United States, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and several other nations was negotiated out of the public eye, leading critics to argue that corporations and special interest groups had disproportionate input into the deal. Supporters of the agreement say it will help member countries increase increase exports, and that it will strengthen, not weaken, labor and environmental standards.

Parts of the agreement had previously leaked, most notably the intellectual property section, which was published by Wikileaks earlier this month and swiftly critiqued by the Electronic Frontier Foundation for bias against users and in favor of rights-holders.

The U.S. Congress will make a straight up-or-down vote on the agreement, most likely sometime next year, but will be unable to alter the agreement by adding amendments.

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